Growing children need a healthy diet to support them through their growing years and to ensure that they have enough energy. Starting good nutrition habits during their early years will also set the tone for their eating habits in adulthood and help to prevent obesity and all sorts of health problems that may result from poor nutrition such as osteoporosis and heart disease.
Many children suffer from low levels of physical activity combined with poor eating habits. It is unfortunate that many kids eat low levels of fruits and vegetables, do not get enough of essential minerals such as calcium and iron, and eat too many processed foods, or eat a lot of takeaways. Luckily, there are simple ways to remedy this – starting in a child’s early years and continuing right through to adolescence.
Children need a diet that is high in nutrients. These nutrients include carbohydrates, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals, and fibre. Children need to be storing nutrients for the growth spurts that will occur during adolescence. However, the amount that is necessary will change as they grow, and also on their levels of physical activity. Foods that are high in the bad fats and sugar should be avoided.
Breakfast is the most important meal of the day and should be paid close attention to. By eating breakfast, your child will have more energy, be able to concentrate better at school, and set the tone for healthier eating throughout the day. An ideal breakfast could include things such as wholegrain cereals, fruit, and yoghurt.
Ensure that your children have access to healthy foods for when they are hungry and feel like a snack. Some options may include crackers, fruit, vegetables, popcorn, or pretzels. Try to avoid processed foods such as chips and lollies as they have very little nutritional value.
One way to encourage your child to eat more healthy foods is to have meals and snacks together. Children will naturally follow their parents and want the same things as their parents, so if they see you eating healthy foods, they are more likely to want to try them. To further encourage children to eat healthily, it may be worthwhile making some changes to your own diet. Try having one more serving of fruit and vegetables, eating another serve of carbohydrates, and drinking an extra glass of milk, instead of drinking soft drink or a glass of alcohol. It is important that you never force your child to eat as they will be hungrier on some days than they are on others. As long as they are eating a wide variety of foods, it is okay if they eat less sometimes.
Also, never use food as a reward. This will teach your child that it is acceptable to use food as a way to control emotions. For rewards, use other things such as stickers, playing with a favourite toy, or having quality time.
If you do notice that your child is putting on more weight than what is normal for their age, limit the amount of processed foods that they are eating or increase their levels of exercise. You may wish to limit the time they spend in front of the television or computer also.
Foods that can be given to children and teenagers in abundance include:
Try to avoid or limit foods such as:
Some ideas to make healthier eating easier for children include: